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Med Surg Case Study 16

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Nurse's Note

Patient presented to the clinic complaining of recurrent episodes of severe right upper abdominal pain that radiates to the back. Patient reports nausea and occasional vomiting associated with the pain. Upon assessment, tenderness is noted in the right upper quadrant. Patient denies any history of similar episodes or recent changes in diet.

Medical History

Vital Signs

Lab Values


Question 1: What could be the potential diagnosis for this patient based on the clinical presentation?


Question 2: What treatment options could be considered for a patient with this diagnosis?


Question 3: What nursing considerations should be prioritized when caring for a patient with this suspected or confirmed diagnosis?


Answers to Questions Below




Answers

Question 1: What could be the potential diagnosis for this patient based on the clinical presentation?

Cholelithiasis is a likely consideration due to the patient's recurrent right upper abdominal pain, tenderness in the right upper quadrant, and elevated liver enzymes.


Question 2: What treatment options could be considered for a patient with this diagnosis?

Management may involve dietary modifications, pain management during acute episodes, and, in severe cases or in the presence of complications like cholecystitis, surgical removal of the gallbladder (cholecystectomy) might be recommended


Question 3: What nursing considerations should be prioritized when caring for a patient with this suspected or confirmed diagnosis?

  • Nursing considerations:

  • Monitor and manage pain effectively, using a combination of medication and non-pharmacological interventions.

  • Educate the patient about dietary modifications, emphasizing low-fat diets to reduce the frequency of gallstone formation.

  • Provide information and support for patients undergoing surgical intervention, explaining pre-operative and post-operative care



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