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Med Surg Case Study 13

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Nurse's Note

Patient presented to the clinic complaining of fatigue, easy bruising, and frequent nosebleeds over the past month. Patient appears generally fatigued and pale. On examination, multiple bruises of varying sizes are noted on the extremities, and scattered petechiae are observed on the oral mucosa. Patient denies recent illnesses or significant medical history. Vital signs stable, except for mild tachycardia (HR: 100 bpm). Physician notified, and laboratory tests ordered.

Medical History

Vital Signs

Lab Values


Question 1: What could be the potential diagnosis for this patient based on the clinical presentation?


Question 2: What treatment options could be considered for this diagnosis?


Question 3: What nursing considerations should be prioritized when caring for a patient with this diagnosis?


Answers to Questions Below




Answers

Question 1: What could be the potential diagnosis for this patient based on the clinical presentation?

Immune Thrombocytopenic Purpura (ITP) is a possible consideration due to the patient's symptoms of easy bruising, petechiae, and a low platelet count


Question 2: What treatment options could be considered for this diagnosis?

Treatment options: Therapies for ITP include corticosteroids, intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG), and, in severe cases, splenectomy or newer immunosuppressive agents.


Question 3: What nursing considerations should be prioritized when caring for a patient with this diagnosis?

Nursing considerations:

  • Monitor for signs of bleeding and educate the patient about precautions to prevent injury.

  • Administer medications as prescribed and monitor for their side effects.

  • Provide emotional support and education to the patient and family regarding the condition and treatment plan.




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